Concussion

Identify & Manage Concussions Effectively

Concussions are often referred to as mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) because they do not cause external visible damage. Instead, they produce changes to the chemical composition of the brain that temporarily interferes with brain functioning.   A concussion may be caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the brain to move or twist inside the skull. This leads to stretching and damaging of brain cells (neurons) and will unleash a cascade of chemical changes in the brain. Following a concussive episode, an individual may suffer from the following:

Physical Symptoms such as headaches, dizziness, sensitivity to noise and light, blurred or double vision, alterations in sleep, nausea and vomiting;

Emotional and Behavioural Symptoms such as irritability, mood changes, anger, sadness, frustration, depression, anxiety

Cognitive Symptoms such as confusion, disorientation, trouble concentrating, slowed thinking, and short-term memory problems.

Symptoms that require further medical attention at a hospital would include:

Worsening headache, unusual confusion/irritability, grossly unusual behavior, progressive neurological deficit, recent fever/infection, slurred speech, seizures, unsteadiness, loss of consciousness, excessive drowsiness, repeated nausea/vomiting, fluctuating consciousness.